The causes of neck enlargement can have various causes, with goiter being one of its main causes, and the most common cause is a diet deficient in iodine. Below you can find out the causes and how to try to remedy it.
What is goiter?
The goitre, or swelling of the thyroid gland is primarily responsible for the increase in size that occurs in the thyroid gland, although doctors say this has not been proven to the whole. What is certain is that goiter is responsible for this inflammation and its appearance is mainly due to poor nutrition, especially when consuming a diet low in iodine.
Although the thyroid problem is hereditary, here we will explain a little what causes goiter according to the research that has been advanced, as well as some useful tips about it.
The first thing you should know is that this pathology does not affect both sexes equally, in fact, men are the ones who take the worst part in this case, with an incidence ratio that is close to 6 men for every woman, although in the latter, it can appear after having faced menopause or having exceeded forty years of age, where new hormonal and biological changes begin to develop in women.
How to identify it
It was already mentioned above that goiter is nothing more than inflammation of the thyroid gland, the location of which is the neck, so noticing its inflammation is not difficult. This usually occurs in two ways and its severity depends, in part, and can be diffuse, that is, the inflammation occurs uniformly in the place where the inflammation was generated.
The goiter can also be nodular, when it reaches the nodules and begins to inflame them in a non-uniform way. This inflammation is usually accompanied by an alteration in the production of the thyroid, as well as other associated problems such as constipation and cold, the symptoms will also vary according to the reaction of the organism of who suffers it.
Evolution of goiter disease
The goiter can grow as time passes and slowly turn into what is known as hyperthyroidism, this because there is an uncontrolled increase in the production of thyroid glands in the body, with its respective harmful effects on health. To treat this, special pills have been created to help with inflammation and symptoms caused by the initial condition. Iodine-based treatments have also been devised, as a lack of iodine has been found to be one of the triggers for goiter.
The participation of iodine is so pronounced when it comes to goiter, that it has been discovered that those populations where neither their food nor the soil from which they are harvested, have sufficient levels of iodine, which means that some populations have a increased risk of suffering from this disease in the long term.
That is why iodized kitchen salt is one of the main alternatives to prevent or treat goiter, although its consumption should not be exceeded, since medicine has not been able to verify the latter. Both women and men over 40 are at risk for it.
Foods with iodine to treat goiter
Among the main sources of iodine, we can find seafood, animal proteins and some fruits and vegetables. As an example, we mention the main foods that it is recommended that you add to your diet. Clams, chard, milk, tomato, lettuce, salmon, onion, mushrooms, potato. It is advisable to follow this diet closely with a professional, and monitor the goiter problem to know its evolution.
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